Agricultural, environmental, and social scientists review systems research in the tropics and discuss future directions. To combat rural poverty and environmental degradation, collaborative teams of researchers have characterized the dynamics of resource use systems, helped to develop technical alternatives, and worked with farmers as partners in participatory research. Such efforts also feature the integration of germplasm research and natural resource management, use of geographic information systems tools, and development of institutional innovations. The book comprises 13 chapters developed from a 1997 workshop held at CIAT. 165 p. 16.5 x 23.5 cm.
Keywords: Natural resources; Germplasm; Plant breeding; Appropriate technology; Rotational cropping; Land use; Participatory research; Sloping land; Savannas; Pastures; Sustainability; Green manures; Cover plants; Seed production; Technological changes; Latin America
Livestock are an important component of upland farming systems in Southeast Asia. In the past, feed resources were plentiful. On many farms this is no longer the case, so farmers have to spend more and more time finding feed for their animals. Planting forages can help to overcome this problem. However, no two farms have the same resources and needs. Forages that are suitable on one farm may not be suitable for other farms. The best way to develop the best forage technologies for each farm is for farmers to evaluate the most promising options and adapt the best of these to their situations. This booklet does contains information about forages that can grow in a wide range of conditions and either are being used successfully by smallholder farmers or have significant potential in Southeast Asia. Details on managing and using these species can be found in the second booklet of this series: "Developing forages with smallholder farmers: How to grow, manage and use forages".
All language versions of the books (currently English, Indonesian, Lao Thai, Chinese, Vietnamese and soon to include Burmese and Khmer) are available from the CIAT office in Vientiane.
Individuals and organizations from both developing and developed countries may request a free hardcopy of the book. Orders for multiple copies are sold at US$5 per copy (which includes postage).
Keywords: Feed crops; Choice of species; Small farms; Technological changes; Varieties; Asia; Participatory research
By using African examples and color photographs, the author discusses the planning and design of on-farm research, that is, the organization of trials, including sites, treatments, and trial layout; the involvement of farmers and extension workers; and the collection and analysis of data. Each chapter provides study questions. 118 p. 21 x 28 cm.
Keywords: Pilot farms; On-farm research; Farmers; Planning; Decision making
The second of three on farmer evaluation, this unit aims to help agricultural researchers with generating technology for small farmers. Preference ranking is effective for identifying the concepts or criteria that farmers use to assess the usefulness and acceptability of new technologies. Practical exercises are included. 129 p. 21 x 27.5 cm. Also available in Spanish and Portuguese.
Keywords: Agriculture; Technology transfer; Technology; Evaluation; Surveys; Surveying; Data collection; Farmers
[Primers on CIALs (Local Agricultural Research Committees)] On their own initiative, farmers of the Department of Cauca, Colombia, have taken up agricultural research within the framework of CIALs (Spanish for Local Agricultural Research Committees). They speak of their experiences in a collection of 13 manuals, published by CIAT's Project on Participatory Research in Agriculture (IPRA) and funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The 13 volumes are The Trial, Committees for Local Agricultural Research, The Diagnosis, The Trial's Objective, Planning the Trial, Evaluating the Trial, Things that Can Happen, Let's Share the Results of Our Trial, A Real-Life Case, Experience Also Counts, Accounts Clearly Say, It's Good to Know in Time If We're Doing Well, and Guidelines for Knowing Our Way. The manuals are available separately or as a complete set of 13, and comprise indispensable reading for those interested in establishing a CIAL.
Keywords: Participatory reseach; On farm research; Teaching materials; Community development; Cooperation; Farmers; Innovation adoption
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